Thanks to Apple’s Siri, Amazon’s Alexa, and the coming of autonomous cars, more of us are interacting with Artificial Intelligence (AI) than ever before. AI is a technology that enables computers to do tasks often done by humans: analyzing and adapting to data and their environment in ways that mimic human cognitive functions such as prediction, learning and problem solving. AIs are able to improve (i.e. make more intelligent decisions) through what is known as Machine Learning (which still requires human intervention) and Deep Learning (wherein computer learning is possible without human involvement). Both types of learning involve self-improvement by an AI using the data it gathers over time.